15 May 2023

Causes of gum-inflammation

¿Gum-inflammation? Before knowing why gums become inflamed, we need to know what they are and what parts they have.

Gums are the tissue that surrounds, protects, and holds teeth. This tissue is divided into three main parts: attached gingiva, interproximal gingiva, and free gingiva. Let’s see them very briefly and summarized.

The attached gum is the gum that is attached to the bone, the one that is visible when talking or smiling widely. The second one, the interproximal gingiva, is the gum that is between the teeth and has a triangular shape. Finally, the free gingiva is the one that is above the tooth surrounding it and is not attached to the bone.

6 causes of genital inflammation

Gum inflammation can be caused by many factors. However, the most common is poor oral hygiene, since poor brushing can cause gingivitis. 

1. Gingivitis

Gingivitis is more commonly known as “inflammation of the gums”, and is caused by the presence of bacterial plaque or tartar. If this gingivitis were prolonged in time, it would end up causing the loss of bone and supporting tissue, resulting in something known as -periodontitis-. 

2. Removable appliances 

The use of removable appliances, braces or other dental retainers are also elements that may not seem so obvious when it comes to causing gingivitis, since these can make oral hygiene difficult.

3. Consumption of medicines

Some medicines can cause dry mouth and this can lead to swollen gums. In these cases, the only solution is to talk to your doctor to see if there is any other treatment option and try to alleviate the symptoms with saliva secretion stimulators and others.

4. Hormonal imbalances

Hormonal imbalances can also have manifestations in the oral cavity and end up presenting as gum inflammation. In this case, you should go to your endocrinologist to try to regulate this imbalance and treat the symptoms if the patient comes with pain.

Treatments to combat gum-inflammation

Once the main causes of gum inflammation have been explained, we must also discuss a general treatment to improve oral hygiene and try to reduce gum inflammation.

Interproximal brushing, either with dental floss or with specific brushes, can improve hygiene and reduce inflammation. In addition, your dentist’s help with proper professional hygiene can also help to reduce gingivitis.


Finally, the use of mouth rinses with antiseptic agents such as chlorhexidine, essential oils or CPC can be one more thing to include in the brushing routine to permanently end inflammation.


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    All the doctors, dentists, odontologists and specialists at the Nart dental clinic have extensive experience in the world of dentistry. In addition, they have also developed with specialized training and, in many cases, combine their professional activity in the clinic with teaching activity in Universities or with publication in prestigious national and international media.


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