Specialists in dental implantology in Barcelona
Dental implants are the best solution for the permanent replacement of teeth. This technique is based on extensive scientific research over the last 40 years, and this has made it possible to achieve reliable results that provide a great aesthetic and functional improvement to the patient. In addition to being painless, dental implants are the best form of permanent tooth replacement.
Generally, people who have lost some or all of their teeth are candidates for implants, but it is important that the patient is healthy as there are a number of conditions and diseases that can affect the implant. For example, the fusion of the implant with the bone may be affected in patients with uncontrolled diabetes, smokers, alcoholics or uncontrolled periodontal disease.
What are implants?
A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that a periodontist or implantologist places into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth or bridge. Dental implants are an ideal option for people in good general oral health who have lost a tooth or teeth due to periodontal disease, an injury, or some other reason.
While high-tech in nature, dental implants are actually more tooth saving than traditional bridgework, since implants do not rely on neighboring teeth for support.
Dental implants are so natural looking and feeling; you may forget you ever lost a tooth. You know that your confidence about your teeth affects how you feel about yourself, both personally and professionally. Perhaps you hide your smile because of spaces from missing teeth. Maybe your dentures don't feel secure. Perhaps you have difficulty chewing. If you are missing one or more teeth and would like to smile, speak and eat again with comfort and confidence, there is good news! Dental implants are teeth that can look and feel just like your own!
A dental implant is used to replace the root or roots of teeth. As with natural teeth, the implant is inserted into the jawbone or mandibular bone and are not visible once they have been placed. They are used as a support for crowns (teeth), bridges or dentures.
Currently, implants are made of titanium, a low-density metal that is very hard, resistant and biocompatible. This means that it will not be naturally rejected by the body. Dental implants have the highest success rate of all types of surgical implants. The success of implants is due to the osseointegration of titanium which is the ability of the metal to fuse or integrate with bone tissue.
The alveolar bone needs stimulation to maintain its shape, volume and density. When a tooth is lost, this stimulation that comes from the tooth itself is lost and bone begins to be lost over time. Bone loss is 25% in width in the first year and height is lost in the following years. When all the alveolar bone has been lost, the basal bone may also gradually begin to recede.
Thus, an implant also allows us to maintain the quantity and density of the body's natural bone as it serves to stimulate the bone as if it were a natural tooth. There are different techniques to preserve the volume of bone necessary to be able to place an implant and achieve its integration with the bone. Surgical techniques are also used to regenerate the bone tissue that has been lost in order to be able to place an implant and prevent bone and functionality from being lost.
A few years ago, the placement of an implant consisted of three different surgical phases in different time periods. Nowadays, thanks to technological advances, the technique allows the implant to be placed in a single phase.
The first phase consisted of placing the implant inside the bone and under the gum to protect the implant from external forces. Once the implant was osseointegrated, part of the gum was removed leaving the implant temporarily exposed and a post was placed to allow the gum to heal around it. The last phase consists of placing the crown (the ceramic or resin tooth).
Today, the implants are placed in a single surgical phase, with only a small operation lasting 20 minutes, and if possible, the provisional tooth is also placed at that time. If this is not possible, the provisional tooth will be placed two months after the implant. Dental implants do not have a 100% success rate, but they do have a success rate of over 98% in the first year and thanks to research and technical advances this rate is increasing in the long term (92%). If an implant fails, it can be removed and wait for the bone to heal and place a new implant after bone regeneration.
What are the benefits of implants?
Dentures are a solution of the very best professionals. They have different functional and aesthetic benefits. The dental implant treatment is a good choice for the pacients that have lost a tooth. Moreover, this treatment becomes an important improvent on the quality of life of the pacients and the health.
Dental implants have many advantages compared to traditional solutions of crowns, bridges and dentures:
- 1st place with comparative studies and follow-up to 15 years.
- Reduces treatment times with immediate or definitive from 6 weeks teeth.
- Reduce number of surgeries with narrow and short implants.
- Ten-year warranty with individual maintenance program.
- Dental implants look, feel and function as if they were natural teeth.
- The adjacent teeth need not be damaged to provide support to the new prosthesis.
- Implant placement in bone marrow prevents reduction which occurs upon the loss of teeth.
- It is considered as definitive treatment.
First examine the situation. Make a proper exploration and use appropriate diagnostic methods. Inserting the dental prosthesis. At this time we can cover the implant with gum, if we have made bone regeneration, or place the provisional tooth at the same time the implant. Immediate or Teeth Teeth in a day is the name given to this new procedure.
But we have placed the tooth implant on the same day , expect the time required for osseointegration of the prosthesis, three months to occur, and a pillar to be printed.
Pillar printing is done already in place, a final model on which the crown perfectly adapted to the abutment is constructed is obtained. Implants can replace a single tooth, some or all of them.
Currently and sometimes that they allow it, you can place your / the implant / s and / teeth on them on the same day of surgery. This is what we call the art of "teeth in a single day." This has been a great contribution that has given comfort to patients. We may make this technique depending on the amount and quality of bone of the patient and the area to be restored.
Today the patient should know that with the existing bone regeneration techniques ( sinus floor augmentation , alveolar ridge augmentation ) can place dental implants with a success rate very high in almost all cases.