12 Jun 2018

What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis, also known as  gum’s inflammation  is the first stage of gum disease, and consequently, the easiest to treat. It may be a bacterial affection that causes gum’s inflammation and bleeding. which is caused by the accumulation of bacteria between the teeth.

If this PLAQUE formed by a multitude of oral bacteria is not eliminated either by  properly flossing or by a good brushing, it may cause  gum disease, inflammation and bleeding.

Some of the main symptoms can be:

* Bleeding of the gums.

* Gums turn a bright red color.

* A greater sensitivity to the touch.

* Oral ulceras  and cold sores.

* Inflammation, size increase, and pain in the gums.

Although these symptoms are easy to be recognized, we remember that it must be the specialist who carries out the diagnosis and posterior treatment to adapt to each specific case.

Factors that predict the appearance of gingivitis

There are certain factors that can facilitate the appearance of the gingivitis, some of them are:

* A bad dental hygiene or poor dental hygiene.

* Hormonal changes, puberty or pregnancy.

* Badly aligned teeth that helps the accumulation of food traces .


Can gingivitis be prevented?

Good hygiene is necessary oral with professional cleanings, because once it hardens bacterial plaque and tartar is formed, only a specialist can eliminate it.

Some tips to prevent gingivitis are:

* Good oral hygiene by flossing and brushing teeth once after each meal, two being sufficient times a day, every 12 hours.

* follow a healthy diet and lifestyle.

* Avoid tobacco.

* Visit regularly your dentist.

Treatment of gingivitis

Generally suffering from gingivitis is not very painful and initially it is not a disease with high risks, but if it is not treated in time it can derive in periodontitis which is characterized by producing a recision in the gum including bone loss.

For its correct treatment it is necessary that the specialist who performs the treatment is a periodontist.

In the case of a mild or moderate gingivitis, a treatment is performed consisting of a mouth cleaning or profilaxis session which, among other aspects, includes the use of ultrasound to combat the tartar, a pasta of profilaxis that aims to increase fluoride levels, get a better cleaning and remove stains as well as the use of interproximal strips for improving hygiene in the interdental spaces (between the teeth).

In the case of finding a more severe gingivitis, in addition to the steps specified for the treatment of a mild or moderate gingivitis  with some more professional hygiene session, reinforcing the teaching of oral hygiene.

The dentist, dentist, hygienist or periodontist will be in charge of showing the patient how to brush and floss. The patient should periodically visit their dentist every 6 months to maintain excellent control and hygiene.


Dr. José Nart Molina

Dr. Jose Nart Molina is a specialist in periodontics and dental implants. He has a degree in Dentistry from the UIC (2006) He also has a doctorate in Dentistry from the UIC, certified in periodontics and implants by the University of Tufts University (2007), accredited by the European Federation of Periodontology, President of the Spanish Society of Periodontics and Osseointegration and Vice Dean of Research.


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